Insomnia is a sleep disorder in which a person finds it almost impossible to fall asleep or to stay asleep. Nowadays people almost everywhere around the world are a victim of this disease. A feeling of not being able to fall asleep causes an anxiety further leading to depression.
Symptoms Of Insomnia:
Sleeplessness being the ultimate symptom followed by lethargy, A feeling of not being able to do anything, feeling sick all the time, irritability, mood swings, anxiety and depression are one of the most common symptoms of the disease. Following signs are also related to insomnia:
Walking during the night, feeling tired after having a night’s sleep, poor focus, poor concentration, worrying all day about sleeping, staying uncoordinated, always making careless mistakes, feeling difficulty in socializing.
Causes Of Insomnia:
Causes of being insomniac may include an illness or a hectic lifestyle. It may also occur as a result of a lot of physiological factors, mental and emotional instability, and hormonal imbalance. Unprescribed medication can also lead to such condition. It can be caused due to change in circadian rhythm such as change in job environment, jet lag and some times even through noise pollution. Excessive use of media and technology before going to bed can also lead to insomnia. As use of tablets and smart phones prior to going to bed can vigorously affect the melatonin levels causing disruptions in sleeping patterns leading to insomniac conditions.
Types Of Insomnia:
There are several types of insomnia like transient insomnia, acute and chronic insomnia.
The insomniac conditions are transient if the symptoms are observed for three days.
The insomniac conditions are acute if symptoms are observed for several weeks.
The insomniac conditions are chronic if symptoms are observed for years and months.
Before the treatment and prevention of the disease you should be well aware of the type of the disease you are suffering from.
Only fixing the underlying cause can primarily treat insomnia. So the treatment and its prevention are based upon the determination of the underlying cause. Once the cause is being found the condition can be treated. It can also be treated by the help of medications like prescribed sleeping pills, anti depressants and melatonin. A person suffering from this situation should always seek help from a doctor because such conditions cannot be treated on your own.
Prevention of the disease includes taking following ailments:
Improvisation Of The Sleep Hygiene:
Make sure to sleep well, do not sleep too much or too little. Avoid the consumption of caffeine at night. Do not go to bed being worried. Maintain a regular sleeping schedule.
Try to use the techniques for your relaxation like yoga and meditation.
Use stimulus control therapy in order to avoid insomnia. Only go to bed when you are actually feeling asleep. Do not force yourself to sleep. Avoid the use of technology when going to bed in order to have a sound sleep.