What’s Better? Whole Grain Or Refined Flour .Nutritionists always provide the guidelines to use whole grains instead of refined flour because as understood by the name whole grain consists of every part of the grain while refined flour is being processed and refined so it contains some part of the grain but not the whole part. For a better understanding lets discuss some facts about different parts of a grain.
Parts of the grain:
Grain usually consists of three parts that are as follows:
Bran: It is a shell formed of fiber that covers the grain.
Endosperm: It is actually below the bran and is the starchy part of the grain.
Germ: Germ is that part which actually grows into another plant.
Whole grain consists of all the three parts of the grain whereas in refined flour the bran and germ are removed leaving behind the endosperm.
Pros Of Whole Grain Flour:
Whole grain flour has some extra ordinary benefits. Whole grain consists of fiber. It contains vitamin B and other minerals. Consumption of whole grain flour allows the consumer to loose belly fat. It lowers the risk of having diabetes. It helps in the prevention of hypertension as it blocks the development of a protein angiotesin II, which leads to high blood pressure. It reduces belly bloat. Consumption of whole grain flour makes you feel more full.
Cons Of Whole Grain Flour:
Whole grain flour consists of all the three parts of the grain due to which the texture of the flour is not light and fluffy. So baked products prepared from whole grain tend to be a little harder. Consistency of all the three parts of the grain makes the flour a bit darker in color due to which products prepared from it undergo discoloration. It has a lesser shelf life.
Pros Of Refined Flour:
Refined flour has a longer shelf life. The flour prepared from only endosperm is very light and fluffy so the baked products made from refined flour tend to be lighter and fluffier. A nice white color of the flour makes the products look nicer and more presentable.
Cons of Refined Flour:
Refined flour does not contain any sort of fiber in it that makes it a non-healthy option to eat. It makes the consumer fat, as it is a processed form of flour. It lacks all the healthy nutrients and is the main cause of obesity.
Whole Grain Vs. Refined Flour:
Whole grain provides with some serious health advantages. The Fibrous bran makes whole grain flour a more healthy option to consume. Although manufacturers of the refined flour are adding some minerals like folic acid and other vitamins in the refined flour in order to make it healthy but there is no replacement of the fiber. Whole grain has a less shelf life while refined flour has a long shelf life but health should be a bigger priority than the shelf life of the product. So a sincere recommendation would be to replace refined flour with whole grain in order to have longer health benefits.